The tribal historic preservation office of the eastern band of cherokee indians has completed the largest repatriation and reburial of human remains to date according to the office, a total of 177 sets of human remains and 616 associated funer. Philkon's native american resources site american west indian page native american resources ihs links page nativenet nativenet hotlist nativenet links the nativeweb nativeweb nations index nativeweb search engine glrain pointers american indian website library native american sites first nations/first peoples issues native american women on. The native american graves protection and repatriation act (nagpra) was enacted on november 16, 1990, to address the rights of lineal descendants, indian tribes, and native hawaiian organizations to native american cultural items, including human remains, funerary objects, sacred objects, and objects of cultural patrimony. More than two decades have passed since the native american graves protection and repatriation act (nagpra) became law in the united states according to the national nagpra program, this law has resulted in the return of the remains of more than 38,691 individuals, one million funerary objects, and. Repatriation and reburial issues with native american ancestral remains repatriation is the return of human remains or sacred objects or objects of cultural significance to the individuals, groups, or nations that the archaeological finds belonged to.
Mending the circle: a native american repatriation guide from the american indian ritual object repatriation foundation muwekma ohlone indian tribe north american indian thought and culture contains over 119,000 pages of text and images. In addition to the legally authorized return of culturally affiliated human remains and objects, native groups may wish to consider alternatives to repatriation or reburial working together, the museum and native communities may develop other solutions to the disposition of culturally sensitive materials. The repatriation and reburial of human remains is a current debate in archaeology various indigenous peoples around the world, such as native americans and indigenous australians have requested that human remains from their respective communities be repatriated for reburial.
Review the compliance process for the native american graves protection and repatriation act (nagpra) for indian tribes, native hawaiian organizations, federal agencies, and museums explore how consultation can inform inventories, summaries, and cultural affiliation, and the resulting notices, repatriations, and dispositions. Introduction to repatriation: principles, practice and policies the logistics of reburial events and undertaking all consultation with community groups to ensure appropriate repatriation and reburial processes 2001 steve was a key witness in a royal commission and several court cases associated with the hindmarsh island bridge issues. 1 native american graves protection and repatriation act (nagpra) jack trope, association on american indian affairs nagpra provides various repatriation, ownership and control rights over.
Essays on repatriation and related issues, including kennewick man, management of particular sites, and global repatriation the author is an archaeologist of choctaw descent mending the circle: a native american repatriation guide by barbara meister. The policies and politics around the repatriation of ancestral human remains and biological materials to native north americans and other indigenous peoples have largely been rooted in attempts to reconcile divergent worldviews about cultural heritage. Native american graves protection and repatriation act (nagpra) law’s implementation grants are currently provided for two kinds of activities: 1) repatriation and reburial and 2) consultation and documentation in 2014, the office awarded $147 million for 29 consultation and the core nagpra process for resolving issues, based on. In this unprecedented volume, native americans and non-native americans within and beyond the academic community offer their views on repatriation and the ethical, political, legal, cultural, scholarly, and economic dimensions of this hotly debated issue.
With a focus on a specific reburial case in norway (that of the neiden sámi), svestad examines some of the complexities of reburial ethics svestad’s study is important for several reasons: 1) it is not a native american indian case (thus helping to broaden the scope of repatriation practices, as. Even before repatriation and reburial became openly controversial, archaeologist roderick sprague and anthropologist deward walker, for example, had worked closely with nez perce people in the state of idaho, quietly repatriating remains as early as the late 1960s. A view of the history and varying responses of anthropology to the issues of repatriation and reburial from the context of the relationship of native americans to anthropologists a paper presented in 1989 and published in the 1997 volume indians and anthropologists: vine deloria, jr and the critique of anthropology. Teaching anthropology: sacc notes volume 18, number 1 spring 2012 current native (and other) views of nagpra deborah j shepherd n agpra, the national american graves pro- tection and repatriation act of 1990, allowed federally recognized native american nations twenty years for the reburial of repatriated ancestors, known to them as huhugam (anton: 9. “repatriation” would be one of the words baffling a latter-day rip van winkle awaking to a world of amer-ican newspeak after sleeping soundly for twenty years or so.
Of repatriation and reburial as required by federal and state law the paper will also briefly discuss the effect repatriation has had on museum policy relating to curation, removal of photographs of human remains, and the. Native american grave protection and repatriation act long title: controversial issues david hurst thomas' study of the case shows the complexity of reburial and repatriation cases, and the need for individual approaches to each case by all affected parties. The national museum of the american indian act and the native american graves protection and repatriation act require museums to make these materials available to federally recognized tribes. As appointed by the tribal council, the ziibiwing center will locate, preserve, protect, and maintain the tribe's historic and cultural resources and handle all native american graves protection and repatriation act (nagpra) related issues including disposition and reburial.
The native american graves protection and repatriation act is a law that establishes the ownership of cultural items excavated or discovered on federal or tribal land after november 16, 1990 the act also applies to land transferred by the federal government to the states under the water resources department act [3. Archaeologist learns to understand reburial, in r lay-ton (ed) conﬂict in the archaeology of living tradi- tigating the myriad issues surrounding this law (mihesuah 2000 fine-dare 2002 killion 2008), the-scene insights into the repatriation process at one native american tribe, the pueblo of jemez, where i served as nagpra program. Due to the 1990 native american graves protection and repatriation act, human remains and cultural artifacts from museums are required to be returned to descendants and indian tribes that have requested them and have a legal right to them.
The contentious, sometimes even raucous debate over the repatriation and reburial of native american human remains has been calm compared to the clamor raised over the so-called kennewick man. Final rule, native american graves protection and repatriation act regulations--disposition of culturally unidentifiable human remains, 43 cfr 10, [mar 15, 2010] pdf interim final rule with request for comment, native american graves protection and repatriation act regulations-- definition of ``indian tribe, 43 cfr 10 [july 5, 2011] pdf. Native american cultural property law human rights legislation by hon sherry hutt in the larger scope of history this is a small thing in the smaller scope of conscience, it may be the biggest thing we have ever done.